European Council (EC)
Chairs: Justin Oh & Samuel Anchipolovsky
Topic A: Brexit
A referendum was held on June 23, 2016 to decide whether or not the United Kingdom should leave the European Union. The majority of the 30,000,000 + voters chose to leave the EU by 51.9% to 48.1%. The European Union (EU) is a political and economic partnership in which 28 European nations come together to promote economic co-operation. The United Kingdom consists of England and Wales, which both voted for Brexit while Scotland and Northern Ireland voted against it. Theresa May became the first post-Brexit Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Although she was initially against Brexit, May is now in favor of it because she has stated that it was the British people’s choice. Many senior figures, including David Cameron, former British Prime Minister, who are anti-Brexit forecasted an economic crisis as soon as the UK decided to exit the European Union. Both the UK and EU have continued to negotiate since the day the British people voted to leave the EU in which they met face-to-face for one week every month. Their main goal consisted of creating an agreement and balance on the rights of the UK and its people and the EU. As of now, the UK is due to leave the EU on March 29, 2019.
Topic B: European Nationalism Risk
The referendum that took place in Britain in 2016, now controversially known as Brexit, sent shockwaves not only through the European Union, but through the rest of the world. How would the EU survive without such a powerhouse economy, such a key cog of the Eurozone? The EU has ended up reeling from this momentous decision to this date, with the Euro and pound price falling significantly and the EU struggling to find a new direction moving forward. Yet, the same reasons that compelled Britain to leave the EU may be causing widespread changes among other Eurozone countries for years to come. Key issues like immigration and fiscal policy are driving citizens to pursue and elect more nationalistic governments, who seem to increasingly threaten leaving the EU as one of their campaign promises. This poses huge problems for the future of the EU as a whole, for if one nation critical in solving the immigration issue leaves, it may weaken or cripple other, dependent nations, who now have to carry their weight—and more. Delegates will have to decide how to push forward, keeping the EU intact, and encouraging nations to act in the best interest of the EU as a whole.