Special Political and Decolonization Committee (SPECPOL)
Chairs: Ryan Leung & Raehash Shah
Topic A: Dispute over the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands
The Diaoyu/Senkaku islands are a piece of land wanted by both China and Japan. China claims the islands as part of their historical territory. Japan, who has control over the islands, claims that the islands were not owned by China or any other country before they obtained control over the islands. The islands are land that also has massive amounts of natural resources. This includes schools of fish and potential offshore oil and natural gas reserves. Both countries, China and Japan, desperately need these resources. China, the world’s biggest consumer of electricity, uses massive amounts of coal and oil to power its country and thus needs the islands for access to their oilfields. Japan, another large consumer of energy, is also projected to be in food storage. Therefore in order to maintain Japan’s current quality of life and secure food and energy resources, Japan needs the islands. .
Topic B: Armed Foreign Fighters in Syira
Over the course of human history, citizens have taken part in the wars of another country on various occasions. A famous example is Tadeusz Kosciuszko a famous Polish officer who fought in the American Revolution. While Kosciusko’s behavior is not entirely unusual, the current situation regarding the recruitment of foreign fighters to terrorism is of a different nature and scale. Over the past decade or so, the goal and methodology of foreign fighter development has been rapidly evolving. Foreign fighters present a major threat to many societies. In fact, foreign fighters are responsible for about 41% of terrorist plots. Foreign fighters have many different reasons for their inclinations towards becoming involved with terrorist organizations. Such reasons include religious obligations, economic desires, and political motives. The modern media has made recruitment much easier for many terrorist organizations, as they can now reach out to a wider audience while spending less resources. This has led to a significant increase in the number of foreign fighters, especially in places like Syria and Iraq.