Special Political and Decolonization Committee (SPECPOL)
Chairs: Jessie Ko, Jae Joon Lee, Derek Lin
Topic A: Global Impacts of Middle Eastern Conflict
Since the settlement between Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, the Middle East region has been occupied for thousands of years. The majority of people in the region practice some branch of Islam, a religion founded in Arabia by Mohammed during the 7th century. Adherents believe that Mohammed was the last prophet of Allah (“God” in Arabic). Islam is a 3 | Academy Model United Nations monotheistic religion related to Judaism and Christianity with followers spread across much of the Middle East along with parts of Africa, India, Europe, and Asia. Key tenets of the religion are derived from mostly four sources: the Qurʾān (literary “Readings”), the Sunnah (“Traditions”), ijmāʿ (“consensus”), and ijtihād (“individual thought”). The Qur’an is said to be the written word of Allah that was delivered to Mohammed.
Topic B: Territorial Disputes in the Arctic
Among the territorial ambitions of global powers throughout history, a significant amount of focus has been oriented towards a single coveted piece of territory: the Arctic. Covering a portion of eight countries, the Arctic is an expanse of land in the northern polar region of our world and is desired and claimed by a number of countries for its strategic and resourceful advantages. Interestingly, however, the dispute over the Arctic territory has been relatively subtle, and with the help of international cooperation and agreement, the territory has been so far handled peacefully and appropriately. This, however, is subject to change with recent developments and occurrences.