United nations security council (unsc)
Chairs: Emily Mayo, Bertina Kudrin, and Elise High
Crisis Director: Victoria Staada
This committee DOES require a position paper for each topic, unlike all other crises.
Ranked second on the Fragile States Index and marked at a very high alert for the year 2015, the state of Somalia has been suffering from internal conflict ever since it originally declared its independence in July of 1960. However, these issues became even more prevalent following the overthrow of president Mohammed Siad Barre in 1991. This led to widespread lawlessness, terrorism, an ineffective government, and overwhelming amounts of crime. However, a recent appearance of slow improvement has made it imperative that delegates target issues of poverty, child labor, and overall internal violence, while working to prevent the external militaristic intervention that helped to destroy the state in the first place.
Ranked as the second largest international terrorist threat in the world, just behind ISIS, Boko Haram is expected to become the biggest international security threat in upcoming years. Due to ISIS’s expansive nature, experts believe that leaders of the large militaristic groups are slowly losing control of the organization, but Boko Haram, which was established as a terrorist group in late 2013, claims to just be getting started. Having taken responsibility for multiple Islamist extremist movements, including notable suicide bombings in Nigeria and other African nations, Boko Haram serves as an impending threat for national security. Delegates must specifically address the actions taken by the terrorist organization in hopes of tackling the group as a whole, instead of proceeding in a country by country fashion, as was conducted in past UNSC resolutions on the topic.
Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict
More and more, civilians have become the victims of armed conflict, and are often specifically targeted by terrorist groups. Particularly vulnerable groups include women and children, with crimes including rape, murder, sexual abuse, kidnapping, torture, and children being forced to become child soldiers, all while survivors face displacement. Many UN peacekeeping operations have aimed to prioritize the protection of civilians, but challenges toward this goal range from lack of infrastructure, to lack of cooperation between regional and international actors, to lack of operational clarity. The protection of civilians is necessary to establish a positive perception of peacekeeping operations, which is vital for classifying an operation as “successful”, as negative views of peacekeepers will result in the collapse of operations. Delegates will be asked to determine how to overcome financial, political, and legal obstacles to establish a working international system aimed at protecting civilians in conflict.